UNITED STATES OF
In the Matter of
PHILLIPS PETROLEUM COMPANY, a corporation.
Docket No. C-3728
DECISION AND ORDER
The Federal Trade Commission ("Commission") having initiated an investigation of the proposed acquisition by Phillips Petroleum Company ("Phillips"), through its subsidiary GPM Gas Corporation ("GPM"), of certain gas-gathering assets of ANR Pipeline Company, a subsidiary of the Coastal Corporation ("Coastal"), and it now appearing that Phillips, hereinafter sometimes referred to as "Respondent," having been furnished with a copy of a draft complaint that the Bureau of Competition proposed to present to the Commission for its consideration, and which, if issued by the Commission, would charge respondents with violations of the Clayton Act and Federal Trade Commission Act; and
Respondent, its attorney, and counsel for the Commission having thereafter executed an agreement containing a consent order, an admission by Respondent of all the jurisdictional facts set forth in the aforesaid draft of complaint, a statement that the signing of said agreement is for settlement purposes only and does not constitute an admission by Respondent that the law has been violated as alleged in such complaint, and waivers and other provisions as required by the Commission's Rules; and
The Commission having thereafter considered the matter and having determined that it had reason to believe that Respondent has violated the said Acts, and that the complaint should issue stating its charges in that respect, and having thereupon accepted the executed consent agreement and placed such agreement on the public record for a period of sixty (60) days, now in further conformity with the procedure prescribed in § 2.34 of its Rules, the Commission hereby issues its complaint, makes the following jurisdictional findings and enters the following order:
1. Phillips Petroleum Company is a corporation organized, existing, and doing business under and by virtue of the laws of the State of Delaware, with its office and principal place of business located at Phillips Building, Bartlesville, Oklahoma 74004.
2. The Federal Trade Commission has jurisdiction of the subject matter of this proceeding and of the Respondent, and the proceeding is in the public interest.
IT IS ORDERED that, as used in this Order, the following definitions shall apply:
A. "Phillips" or "Respondent" means Phillips Petroleum Company, its directors, officers, employees, agents and representatives, predecessors, successors, and assigns, its subsidiaries, divisions, groups and affiliates controlled by Phillips, and the respective directors, officers, employees, agents and representatives, successors, and assigns of each.
B. "Coastal" means The Coastal Corporation, its directors, officers, employees, agents and representatives, predecessors, successors, and assigns, its subsidiaries, divisions, groups and affiliates controlled by Coastal, and the respective directors, officers, employees, agents and representatives, successors, and assigns of each.
C. The "Acquisition" means the proposed acquisition by GPM Gas Corporation, a subsidiary of Phillips, of certain gas-gathering assets of ANR Pipeline Co., a subsidiary of Coastal, pursuant to the purchase agreement executed on January 12, 1996, by and between Phillips and Coastal as subsequently modified and amended.
D. "Gas Gathering" means pipeline transportation, for oneself or other persons, of natural gas over any part or all of the distance between a well and a gas transmission pipeline or gas processing plant.
E. "Person" means any natural person, partnership, corporation, company, association, trust, joint venture or other business or legal entity, including any governmental agency.
F. "Related Person" means a person controlled by, controlling, or under the common control with, another person.
G. "Relevant Geographic Area" means all portions of Harper County, Oklahoma, within fifteen miles of the Kansas border; all portions of Beaver County, Oklahoma, within twenty miles of the Harper County border; all portions of Ellis County, Oklahoma, within eighteen miles of the northwest corner of Ellis County; and Townships T23N/R14W, T23N/R15W, T23N/ R16W, T23N/R17W, T23N/R18W, T22 N/R16W, T22N/R17W, T22N/R18W, T21N/R17W, and T21N/R18W of Woodward, Major and Woods Counties, Oklahoma.
H. "Schedule A assets" means the whole and any part of the assets listed in Schedule A of this Order.
I. "Commission" means the Federal Trade Commission.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that:
A. Following completion of the Acquisition, Phillips shall divest the Schedule A assets, absolutely and in good faith, at no minimum price, consistent with the provisions of this Order.
B. The divestiture shall be made only to an acquirer or acquirers that receives the prior approval of the Commission and only in a manner that receives the prior approval of the Commission.
C. Pending divestiture of the Schedule A assets, Philips shall take such actions as are necessary to maintain the viability and marketability of the Schedule A assets and to prevent the destruction, removal, wasting, deterioration, or impairment of any of the Schedule A assets except for ordinary wear and tear.
D. Phillips shall comply with the Asset Maintenance Agreement, attached hereto and made a part hereof as Appendix I.
E. The purpose of the divestiture is to ensure the continued use of the Schedule A assets in the same type of business in which the Schedule A assets are used at the time of the Acquisition, and to remedy the lessening of competition resulting from the Acquisition as alleged in the Commission's complaint.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that:
A. If Phillips has not divested the Schedule A assets consistent with Paragraph II of this Order by the later of April 30, 1997, or thirty days after Phillips consummates the Acquisition, the Commission may appoint a trustee to divest the Schedule A assets.
B. In the event that the Commission or the Attorney General brings an action pursuant to § 5(1) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. § 45(l), or any other statute enforced by the Commission, Phillips shall consent to the appointment of a trustee in such action. Neither the appointment of a trustee nor a decision not to appoint a trustee under this Paragraph III shall preclude the Commission or the Attorney General from seeking civil penalties or any other relief available to it, including a court-appointed trustee, pursuant to § 5(1) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, or any other statute enforced by the Commission, for any failure by Phillips to comply with this Order.
C. If a trustee is appointed by the Commission or a court pursuant to Paragraph III.A., Phillips shall consent to the following terms and conditions regarding the trustee's powers, duties, authority, and responsibilities:
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, for a period of ten (10) years from the date this Order becomes final, Phillips shall not, without prior notification to the Commission, directly or indirectly:
A. Acquire the Schedule A assets after their divestiture, or any assets the trustee may divest pursuant to paragraph III.C.2 of this order.
B. Acquire any stock, share capital, equity, or other interest in any person engaged in gas gathering within the Relevant Geographic Area at any time within the two years preceding such acquisition, provided, however, that an acquisition of securities will be exempt from the requirements of this paragraph (IV.B) if after the acquisition Phillips will hold cumulatively no more than two (2) percent of the outstanding shares of any class of security of such person; and provided further, that this Paragraph (IV.B) shall not apply to the acquisition of any interest in a person that is not at the time of the acquisition engaged in gas gathering within the Relevant Geographic Area due to the sale within the preceding two years of all assets used for gas gathering within the Relevant Geographic Area to another party who intended to operate said assets for gas gathering within the Relevant Geographic Area; or
C. Enter into any agreements or other arrangements with any person or with two or more related persons to obtain, within any 18 month period, direct or indirect ownership, management, or control of more than five (5) miles of pipeline previously used for gas gathering and suitable for use for gas gathering within the Relevant Geographic Area.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the prior notifications required by Paragraph IV of this Order shall be given on the Notification and Report Form set forth in the Appendix to Part 803 of Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations as amended (hereinafter referred to as "the Notification"), and shall be prepared and transmitted in accordance with the requirements of Part 803, except that no filing fee will be required for any such notification, notification shall be filed with the Secretary of the Commission, notification need not be made to the United States Department of Justice, and notification is required only of Phillips. In lieu of furnishing (1) documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, (2) annual reports, (3) annual audit reports, (4) regularly prepared balance sheets, or (5) Standard Industrial Code (SIC) information in response to certain items in the Appendix to Part 803 of Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Phillips shall provide a map showing the location of the pipeline whose acquisition is proposed and other pipelines used for gas gathering in the Relevant Geographic Area and a statement showing, for the most recent 12 month period for which volume information is available, the quantity of gas that flowed through pipeline whose acquisition is proposed. Respondent shall provide the Notification to the Commission at least thirty days prior to consummating any such transaction (hereinafter referred to as the "first waiting period"). If, within the first waiting period, representatives of the Commission make a written request for additional information, Respondent shall not consummate the transaction until twenty days after substantially complying with such request for additional information. Early termination of the waiting periods in this paragraph may be requested and, where appropriate, granted by letter from the Bureau of Competition.
Provided, however, that prior notification shall not be required by Paragraph IV of this Order for a transaction for which notification is required to be made, and has been made, pursuant to Section 7A of the Clayton Act, 15 U.S.C. § 18a.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that:
A. Within sixty (60) days after the date this Order becomes final and every sixty (60) days thereafter until Phillips has fully complied with the provisions of Paragraphs II or III of this Order, Phillips shall submit to the Commission a verified written report setting forth in detail the manner and form in which it intends to comply, is complying, and has complied with Paragraphs II and III of this Order. Phillips shall include in its compliance reports, among other things that are required from time to time, a full description of the efforts being made to comply with Paragraphs II and III of the Order, including a description of all substantive contacts or negotiations for the divestiture and the identity of all parties contacted. Phillips shall include in its compliance reports copies of all written communications to and from such parties, all internal memoranda, and all reports and recommendations concerning divestiture.
B. One (1) year from the date this Order becomes final, annually for the next nine (9) years on the anniversary of the date this Order is entered, and at such other times as the Commission may require, Phillips shall file a verified written report with the Commission setting forth in detail the manner and form in which it has complied and is complying with this Order.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Phillips shall notify the Commission at least thirty (30) days prior to any proposed change in Phillips, such as dissolution, assignment, sale resulting in the emergence of a successor corporation, or the creation or dissolution of subsidiaries or any other change that may affect compliance obligations arising out of the Order.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, for the purpose of determining or securing compliance with this Order, and subject to any legally recognized privilege, upon written request and on reasonable notice to Respondent, Respondent shall permit any duly authorized representative of the Commission:
A. Access, during office hours and in the presence of counsel, to inspect and copy all books, ledgers, accounts, correspondence, memoranda and other records and documents in the possession or under the control of Respondent relating to any matters contained in this Order; and
B. Without restraint or interference from it, to interview officers, directors, or employees of Respondent, who may have counsel present, relating to any matters contained in this Order.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this Order shall terminate on March 28, 2007.
By the Commission.
Donald S. Clark
ISSUED: March 28, 1997
[Schedule A attached to paper copies of Decision and Order, but not available in electronic form.]
UNITED STATES OF
In the Matter of
PHILLIPS PETROLEUM COMPANY, a corporation,
Asset Maintenance Agreement
This Asset Maintenance Agreement ("Agreement") is by and between Phillips Petroleum Company ("Phillips"), a corporation organized, existing, and doing business under and by virtue of the laws of the State of Delaware, with its office and principal place of business at Phillips Building, Bartlesville, Oklahoma 74004; and the Federal Trade Commission ("Commission"), an independent agency of the United States Government, established under the Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914, 15 U.S.C. § 41, et seq. (collectively "the Parties").
WHEREAS, Phillips through its subsidiary GPM Gas Corporation ("GPM"), agreed to acquire certain gas-gathering assets of ANR Pipeline Company ("ANR"), a subsidiary of the Coastal Corporation ("Coastal"), pursuant to an agreement dated January 12, 1996, hereinafter "Acquisition"; and
WHEREAS, the Commission is investigating the Acquisition to determine if it would violate any of the statutes enforced by the Commission; and
WHEREAS, if the Commission accepts the Agreement Containing Consent Order attached hereto, the Commission is required to place it on the public record for a period of sixty (60) days for public comment and may subsequently withdraw such acceptance pursuant to the provisions of Section 2.34 of the Commission's Rules;
WHEREAS, Phillips and Coastal may consummate the acquisition upon provisional acceptance by the Commission of the attached Agreement Containing Consent Order; and
WHEREAS, the Commission is concerned that if an agreement is not reached preserving the status quo ante of the assets to be divested pursuant to the attached Agreement Containing Consent Order ("the Schedule A assets") during the period prior to their divestitures, that any divestiture resulting from any administrative proceeding challenging the legality of the Acquisition might not be possible, or might produce a less than effective remedy; and
WHEREAS, the Commission is concerned that prior to divestiture to the acquirer, it may be necessary to preserve the continued viability and competitiveness of the Schedule A assets; and
WHEREAS, the purpose of this Agreement and of the Consent Order is to preserve the Schedule A assets pending the divestiture to the acquirer approved by the Federal Trade Commission under the terms of the Order, in order to remedy any anticompetitive effects of the Acquisition; and
WHEREAS, Phillips entering into this Agreement shall in no way be construed as an admission by Phillips that the Acquisition is illegal; and
WHEREAS, Phillips understands that no act or transaction contemplated by this Agreement shall be deemed immune or exempt from the provisions of the antitrust laws, or the Federal Trade Commission Act by reason of anything contained in this Agreement;
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the Commission's agreement that, unless the Commission determines to reject the Consent Order, it will not seek further relief from the parties with respect to the Acquisition, except that the Commission may exercise any and all rights to enforce this Agreement and the Consent Order annexed hereto and made a part thereof, and, in the event the required divestiture is not accomplished, to appoint a trustee to seek divestiture of the Schedule A assets, the Parties agree as follows:
TERMS OF AGREEMENT
10. Phillips agrees to execute the attached Agreement Containing Consent Order and, upon its issuance, to be bound by the Consent Order. The Parties further agree that each term defined in the Consent Order shall have the same meaning in this Agreement.
11. Unless the Commission brings an action to seek to enjoin the proposed Acquisition pursuant to Section 13(b) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, 15. U.S.C. s 53(b), and obtains a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction blocking the proposed Acquisition, Phillips and Coastal will be free to close the Acquisition any time after the Commission has provisionally accepted the Agreement Containing Consent Order.
12. Phillips agrees that from the date this Agreement is accepted until the earlier of the dates listed in subparagraphs 3.a. - 3.b., it will comply with the provisions of this Agreement:
13. From the later of the date of this Agreement or from the date of their acquisition, until the divestiture set out in the Consent Order has been completed, Phillips shall maintain the viability, competitiveness and marketability of the Schedule A assets and shall not cause the wasting or deterioration of the Schedule A assets, nor shall Phillips encumber or otherwise impair their viability.
14.a. From the time that Phillips acquires the Schedule A assets that are currently owned by ANR until their divestiture has been completed in pertinent part, Phillips will offer to gather gas on those Schedule A assets on the same terms and conditions offered by ANR on the date of their transfer.
6. Should the Commission seek in any proceeding to compel Phillips to divest itself of the assets to be acquired from Coastal or to seek any other injunctive or equitable relief, Phillips shall not raise any objection based upon the expiration of the applicable Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act waiting period or the fact that the Commission has not sought to enjoin the Acquisition. Phillips also waives all rights to contest the validity of this Agreement.
7. For the purpose of determining or securing compliance with this Agreement, subject to any legally recognized privilege, and upon written request with reasonable notice to Phillips and to their principal offices, Phillips shall permit any duly authorized representative or representatives of the Commission:
8. This Agreement shall not be binding until approved by the Commission.
Dated: December 27, 1996
PHILLIPS PETROLEUM COMPANY, a corporation
James L. Gallogly
FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION
Stephen G. Calkins